What is aftercare for juveniles?
Aftercare is the period of supervision of juveniles once they complete their out-of-home programming and treatment they are returned to the community.
What happens when a juvenile goes on aftercare?
The Juvenile Corrections Agent (JCA) develops the aftercare contract, to include a case plan, in cooperation with the youth and family, based on the needs of the individual juvenile to assist with successful release from supervision.
The plan will include conditions that outline the expectations for the juvenile while on aftercare in the community. The terms of the contract may include but are not limited to:
- Indicating the location of residence
- Agreeing to get approval from the JCA prior to leaving the city, county or state
- Abiding by all federal and state laws
- Attending school as required and maintain satisfactory performance
- Submitting to drug testing when directed
- Attend and maintain satisfactory performance as outlined in case plan
- Complying with all instructions in matters affecting supervision
- Community Service
- Agreeing to a warrantless search and seizure of your person, residence, locker, vehicle, or any personal property
- Establishing a restitution payment plan, if applicable
In addition to the legal requirements outlined as conditions and terms in an aftercare contract, a JCA will work with the juvenile and his/her family to identify goals while on aftercare. All juveniles with a Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS 2.0) score of Moderate or above are required to have a case plan developed. The case plan is an individualized services plan a juvenile will prepare with input from the JCA. The case plan should define areas of risk and need as identified through the YLS 2.0. This plan will help prepare a juvenile for progressively increased responsibility in the community. Aftercare services may include counseling and monitoring by the JCA, individual, family, and cognitive behavioral group counseling, chemical dependency continuing care, mental health treatment, self-help programs and mentors.
Who makes sure a youth follows these conditions?
The JCA maintains regular contact with the youth to ensure aftercare conditions are met. The contact may take place at home, in school, at the workplace or anywhere in the community.
There are four levels of aftercare supervision:
- Maximum; this level is the most restrictive and requires the most contact with a JCA
- Medium; emphasizes therapeutic intervention and focuses on family issues
- Minimum; allows juveniles and families to provide more input on privileges and consequences with ongoing JCA support
- Administrative; least restrictive, designed for final phase of aftercare supervision
What happens if a youth violates these conditions of aftercare?
A JCA responds to every violation. Violations of the aftercare contract are subject to adverse consequences, consistent with the law, but not limited to: increased contact with the JCA, loss of driving privileges, house arrest or SCRAM. It is the goal of the DOC to help the youth succeed and to serve youth in the community whenever possible. Any JCA can begin revocation proceedings if an offender is accused of violating an act subject to transfer proceedings pursuant to SDCL 26-11-3.1, a crime of violence pursuant to subdivision 22-1-2 (9), a sex offense pursuant to SCDL 22-24B-1, felony sexual registry offense pursuant to SDCL 22-24B or burglary in the second degree pursuant to SDCL 22-32-3; or that the juvenile presents a significant and likely risk or physical harm to another person and has committed a new law violation. A revocation of aftercare may result in being returned to a DOC contracted facility.
How long is a youth on aftercare?
Juveniles are committed to the DOC until age 21 or until discharge, as provided in SDCL 26-11A-5 and 26-11A-7. The actual length of commitment to DOC depends on several factors, including history of offenses, behavior of the juvenile while committed to DOC and successful completion of aftercare supervision levels.